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Multiple calendars let you share calendars, but they can also complicate scheduling. Here’s how to export and import Google Calendar data to reduce your number of calendars.

Image: Andy Wolber / TechRepublic

Google Calendar gives people the ability to create, share, and access multiple calendars. This can make it easier to schedule an event with a colleague, since a shared calendar allows you to determine whether or not a person has an event already planned for a particular time. A shared calendar also can convey the availability of a shared resource, such as a conference room. 

Some people rely on different calendars for distinctly different roles. For example, one person I know used five different Google calendars: One for work, two for community volunteer roles (with two different nonprofit organizations), one for a role as an elected official, and yet another calendar to manage personal activities. This configuration allowed the person to share each different calendar with a different set of people, while still being able to view all five calendars at once.

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However, maintaining multiple calendars can make it difficult to verify availability, since you need to check several calendars for events. I recommend that people maintain as few calendars as possible. For many people, two calendars suffice–one for work-related activities and one for personal events.

To reduce the number of calendars you use, first decide which calendars you want to keep. If you use G Suite for work, the primary calendar associated with your G Suite account will typically serve as your central work calendar and a primary calendar associated with a personal Gmail account might make sense for personal activities. Next, follow the steps below to export calendar data from each calendar you no longer need, then import that data into a calendar you will continue to use.

To export Calendar events, you’ll need to use Chrome on a laptop or desktop system as you work through this calendar consolidation process.

SEE: Google Sheets: Tips and tricks (TechRepublic download) 

How to export a Google calendar

You may export any Google calendar displayed on your My Calendars list.

1. Open Chrome and go to

2. Select the sprocket (in the upper-right corner area, to the left of the day/week/month/etc. drop-down selector), then Settings (Figure A).

Figure A

Screenshot of Google Calendar, with sprocket selected, and menu with Settings option selected.

While in Google Calendar on the web, select the sprocket, then Settings.

3. Scroll down the left-side menu to Settings For My Calendars where the system displays your calendars.

4. Click on the name of the calendar you want to export.

5. Calendar settings will display to the right. Select the Export Calendar button (Figure B).

Figure B

Screenshot of Google Calendar, with a calendar selected (left), export button (middle), and downloaded calendar file alert (lower right).

Select the calendar you want to export (left arrow), then select the Export Calendar button (middle arrow). The system will send the calendar events to your computer as a download (right arrow).

6. Chrome will download your calendar events to a file. Note: This file is typically named with your account information, followed by “”

7. To access your exported file from Chrome, select the three-vertical dot menu (in the upper-right area of your browser), then choose Downloads. Select Show In Folder to locate the downloaded item. On most systems, you may double-click to open the .zip file and access the .ics calendar file. 

How to import to Google Calendar

You may import calendar data (in .ics or .csv file formats) to any Google Calendar displayed on your My Calendars list.

1. Open Chrome and go to

2. Select the sprocket (in the upper-right area) to access Settings. (Figure A)

3. Select Import & Export from the left-side menu.

4. Click on or tap Select A File From Your Computer, then navigate to and select the exported calendar file you want to import (Figure C).

5. If needed, adjust the calendar listed below the Add To Calendar menu.

6. Select Import to add events from your chosen file to your selected Google calendar. 

Figure C

Screenshot of Calendar settings, with Import & export selected (and import option active), with selected file and destination calendar displayed in settings (to the right).

Select Import & Export (red arrow) and make sure Import is selected. Select your calendar file, and choose the calendar to which you want to import items (settings within the red circle), then select Import.

After you import a calendar, review events to make sure the data imported correctly. Note: Not all information from every type of exported calendar file will import. For example, in some cases, only the first event of recurring activities might display. In other cases, event guests or details may not import fully.

How to delete a Google calendar

When you no longer need a Google calendar, you may delete it. Only do this after you have reviewed your calendar items to ensure you no longer need the data. If you like, and if your organizational data preservation policy permits, export and then save your calendar data first. If you preserve this calendar data file, you might use it to import and recover calendar data in the future.

You may not delete the primary calendar associated with your Google account. At most, you may delete all events from your primary calendar. You may delete any other calendar that you have created.

1. Open Chrome and go to

2. Select the sprocket (in the upper-right area) to access Settings (Figure A).

3. Scroll down the left-side menu to Settings For My Calendars and click on the name of the calendar you want to delete (Figure D).

4. In the main settings area, scroll to the end of the section, then select Delete. 

Note: If you have selected your primary calendar, and then choose Delete, the system will delete all events on your primary calendar. 

5. The system will then ask you to confirm by selecting Permanently Delete.

Figure D

Screenshot of Google Calendar settings, with calendar selected (left menu area) and arrow pointing at Delete button option in settings (to the right).

Select the calendar you wish to delete from the left menu (top-left arrow), then scroll down to the options displayed on the right to select the Delete button (bottom center arrow).

What are your calendar practices?

How many different calendars do you consistently rely on and use? If you use more than two calendars  (one work, one personal) how do you find multiple calendars benefit you? If you’ve consolidated your calendars, what prompted you to reduce the number of calendars you use? Let me know how you choose to use calendars–either in the comments below or on Twitter (@awolber).

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Vivo V20 Pro 5G Launched in India With Snapdragon 765G SoC, Dual Selfie Camera: Price, Specifications

vivo v20 pro 5g 1606893901447

Vivo V20 Pro 5G has finally launched in India after many teasers. This phone sits alongside the already launched Vivo V20 and Vivo V20 SE in the series. The Vivo V20 Pro 5G offers a Qualcomm Snapdragon 765G SoC and has a triple camera setup at the back with a 64-megapixel primary sensor. The phone also has a dual selfie camera setup with a 44-megapixel primary sensor inside a display notch. Vivo V20 Pro 5G was first unveiled in Thailand in September.

Vivo V20 Pro 5G price in India, sale

The new Vivo V20 Pro 5G is priced in India at Rs. 29,990 for the sole 8GB RAM + 128GB storage option. It will be available via Amazon, Flipkart, Vivo India e-store, Paytm Mall, Tata Cliq, and Bajaj Finserv EMI store. Online offers include an instant Rs. 2,000 off on ICICI Bank credit and debit card transactions, Rs. 2,500 extra off on exchange, V-Shield complete mobile damage protection, and no-cost EMI options of up to 12 months. The phone has been made available in Midnight Jazz and Sunset Melody colour options.

It will also be available via offline stores including Croma, Reliance Digital, Jio exclusive stores, Sangeetha, Vijay Sales, Poorvika, Big C, and LOT. Offline offers on the Vivo V20 Pro 5G include 10 percent cashback on ICICI Bank, Bank of Baroda, and Zest cards. There’s also a one-time screen replacement, Jio benefits worth Rs. 10,000, and financing options from HDB, Home Credit, and Bajaj Finserv. Buyers can also opt for the Vivo Upgrade plan that offers 80 percent buyback money guarantee.

Vivo V20 Pro 5G specifications

The new Vivo V20 Pro 5G has a dual-SIM (Nano) slot and runs on Android 10-based FunTouch OS 11 software. The phone features a 6.44-inch full-HD+ (1,080×2,400 pixels) AMOLED display with a wide notch. It is powered by the Qualcomm Snapdragon 765G SoC paired with 8GB RAM. Internal storage is listed to be 128GB.

Vivo V20 Pro has a triple rear camera setup that houses a 64-megapixel primary Samsung ISOCELL GW1 sensor with an f/1.89 lens — along with an 8-megapixel secondary sensor with an f/2.2 ultra-wide-angle lens and a 2-megapixel monochrome sensor with an f/2.4 lens. The dual selfie camera setup has a 44-megapixel primary sensor with an f/2.0 autofocus lens and an 8-megapixel secondary sensor with an f/2.28 ultra-wide-angle lens that has a field of view (FoV) of 105 degrees.

Coming to the battery, the Vivo V20 Pro 5G has a 4,000mAh battery that supports 33W FlashCharge fast charging. Connectivity options for the phone include 5G, 4G LTE, Bluetooth v5.1, dual-band Wi-Fi, GPS/ A-GPS/ NavIC, and a USB Type-C port. It also has an in-display fingerprint scanner. Other sensors include accelerometer, ambient light sensor, proximity sensor, e-compass, and gyroscope. The dimensions measure at 158.82×74.20×7.39mm and the Vivo V20 Pro 5G weighs only 170 grams.

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AWS re:Invent Day 1: Top 5 announcements include machine learning, storage innovations, and container capabilities


CEO Andy Jassy covered 24 new product announcements in his three-hour keynote on the first day of the virtual Amazon Web Services event.

Aurora is the fastest growing service in the history of AWS, CEO Andy Jassy said in announcing the next version of Amazon Aurora Serverless at AWS re:Invent.

The newest products and services from Amazon Web Services (AWS) extend cloud tools and services to on-prem installations, reduce the cost of machine learning operations, and create more storage options. AWS CEO Andy Jassy announced 24 new capabilities during the keynote at the first day of AWS re:Invent which is a virtual event this year. The news covered everything from customer service platforms and computer vision algorithms to machine learning operations and serverless deployments.

Jassy said the company has been focused on listening to customers and inventing more options for instances, containers, and serverless deployments. Reducing costs is always a priority as well, he said, so AWS engineers looked for ways to make common operations more cost efficient.

Here is a look at all the product news AWS announced today.

More support for machine learning

Jassy said that machine learning has been growing rapidly, and a lot of the costs are related to inference, not necessarily training the data initially. He said that cloud providers have not focused on reducing those costs. 

“Alexa has reduced their cost of inference by 30% and lowered their latency by 25% using our Inf1 instances,” he said.

SEE: Cloud data storage policy (TechRepublic Premium)

AWS is also working on reducing costs for training models with Habana Gaudi-based Amazon EC2 instances that will be available in 2021. AWS Trainium is another option for reducing costs and will be available in the second half of 2021. 

The company also announced five new industrial machine learning services:

  • Monitron for end-to-end machine monitoring that includes sensors, gateway, and machine learning service to detect abnormal equipment conditions that may require maintenance
  • Lookout for Equipment to give customers with existing equipment sensors the ability to use AWS machine learning models to detect malfunctions
  • AWS Panorama Appliance for customers with existing cameras in industrial facilities to use computer vision to improve quality control and workplace safety
  • AWS Panorama Software Development Kit (SDK) to allow industrial camera manufacturers to embed computer vision capabilities in new cameras
  • Lookout for Vision to use AWS-trained computer vision models on images and video streams to find flaws in products or processes

Axis, ADLINK Technology, BP, Deloitte, Fender, GE Healthcare, and Siemens Mobility are using these new machine learning services, according to a press release.

Bringing cloud container capabilities on prem

Jassy claimed that two thirds of the containers in the cloud run on AWS. AWS has three offerings for containers: Elastic Kubernetes Service, Elastic Container Service, and Fargate.

He said all three offerings continue to grow like weeds, and that many customers use all three services to accommodate a particular team or use case.

Jassy said customers have requested options to manage containers on premises as they make the transition to the cloud. The four new container capabilities announced today extend the same cloud tools to on-prem containers:

  • ECS Anywhere enables customers to run Amazon Elastic Compute Services in their own data centers
  • Amazon EKS Anywhere provides the ability to run Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Services in their own data centers
  • AWS Proton provides a new service to automate container and serverless application development and deployment
  • Amazon Elastic Container Registry Public provides developers a way to share and deploy container software publicly

New storage innovations

In his keynote presentation, Jassy emphasized the need to constantly reinvent products and services and to build what customers want. He said Amazon customers have been asking for more options for global content distribution, storage compliance, and data-sharing. These four storage innovations announced Tuesday meet those needs: 

  • Amazon EBS io2 Block Express volumes: A storage area network (SAN) built for the cloud, with up to 256,000 IOPS, 4,000 MB/second throughput, and 64 TB of capacity
  • Next-generation Amazon EBS Gp3 volumes: A new iteration that gives customers the ability to provision additional IOPS and throughput performance independent of storage capacity and is priced 20% lower per GB than previous generation volumes
  • Amazon S3 Intelligent-Tiering: Now includes S3 Glacier Archive and Deep Archive access to existing Frequent and Infrequent access tiers to automatically reduce storage costs for objects that are rarely accessed
  • Amazon S3 Replication (multi-destination): The ability to replicate data to multiple S3 buckets simultaneously in the same AWS Region or any number of AWS Regions 

Supporting a move to serverless installations

Aurora is the fastest growing service in the history of AWS, Jassy said in announcing the next version of Amazon Aurora Serverless

SEE: Top cloud providers in 2020: AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud, hybrid, SaaS players (TechRepublic)

This new capability is designed in part to make it easier to migrate from SQL Server to Amazon Aurora. This new iteration includes these features:

  • Aurora Serverless v2 to accommodate hundreds of thousands of transactions in a fraction of a second, delivering up to 90% cost savings compared with provisioning for peak capacity
  • Babelfish for Aurora PostgreSQL to provide the ability to run SQL Server applications directly on Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL with little to no code changes 
  • Open source Babelfish for PostgreSQL to extend the benefits of the Babelfish for Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL translation layer which will be coming in 2021 under the permissive Apache 2.0 license in GitHub

Expanding analytics capabilities

Rahul Pathak, vice president of analytics at AWS, said in a press release that these new services represent an order-of-magnitude performance improvement for Amazon Redshift. These new services make it easier for customers to move data between data stores and to ask natural language questions in their business dashboards and receive answers in seconds, according to the company. The new options include:

  • Advanced Query Accelerator for Amazon Redshift provides a new hardware-accelerated cache to improve query performance  
  • AWS Glue Elastic Views lets developers build materialized views that automatically combine and replicate data across multiple data stores
  • Amazon QuickSight Q is a machine learning-powered capability lets users type questions about their business data in natural language and receive highly accurate answers in seconds

Five new capabilities for Amazon Connect 

Amazon Connect is the company’s customer service-in-a-box offering. John Hancock, Capital One, Intuit, Best Western, Fujitsu, GE Appliances, and Square use the service to make customer service more efficient, according to AWS. The new features announced today include

  • Connect Wisdom provides contact center agents with real-time information 
  • Connect Customer Profiles gives agents a unified profile of each customer  
  • Real-Time Contact Lens offers a new option for contact center managers to use during a call
  • Connect Tasks automates, tracks, and manages tasks for contact center agents
  • Connect Voice ID delivers real-time caller authentication using machine learning-powered voice analysis

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Skoltech scientists run a ‘speed test’ to boost the production of carbon nanotubes


Skoltech researchers have investigated the procedure for catalyst delivery used in the most common method of carbon nanotube production, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), offering what they call a “simple and elegant” way to boost productivity and pave the way for cheaper and more accessible nanotube-based technology. The paper was published in the Chemical Engineering Journal.

Skoltech scientists run a ‘speed test to boost the production

Image credit: Skoltech/Pavel Odinev

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT), tiny rolled sheets of graphene with a thickness of just one atom, hold huge promise when it comes to applications in materials science and electronics. That is the reason why so much effort is focused on perfecting the synthesis of SWCNTs; from physical methods, such as using laser beams to ablate a graphite target, all the way to the most common CVD approach, when metal catalyst particles are used to “strip” a carbon-containing gas of its carbon and grow the nanotubes on these particles.

“The road from raw materials to carbon nanotubes requires a fine balance between dozens of reactor parameters. The formation of carbon nanotubes is a tricky and complex process that has been studied for a long time, but still keeps many secrets,” explains Albert Nasibulin, a professor at Skoltech and an adjunct professor at the Department of Chemistry and Materials Science, Aalto University School of Chemical Engineering.

Various ways of enhancing catalyst activation, in order to produce more SWCNTs with the required properties, have already been suggested. Nasibulin and his colleagues focused on the injection procedure, namely on how to distribute ferrocene vapor (a commonly used catalyst precursor) within the reactor.

They grew their carbon nanotubes using the aerosol CVD approach, using carbon monoxide as a source of carbon, and monitored the synthesis productivity and SWCNT characteristics (such as their diameter) depending on the rate of catalyst injection and the concentration of CO2 (used as an agent for fine-tuning). Ultimately the researchers concluded that “injector flow rate adjustment could lead to a 9-fold increase in the synthesis productivity while preserving most of the SWCNT characteristics”, such as their diameter, the share of defective nanotubes, and film conductivity.

“Every technology is always about efficiency. When it comes to CVD production of nanotubes, the efficiency of the catalyst is usually out of sight. However, we see a great opportunity there and this work is only a first step towards an efficient technology,” Dmitry Krasnikov, a senior research scientist at Skoltech and co-author of the paper, says.

Source: Skoltech

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