The Samsung Galaxy M31 managed to make a good impact in the budget segment thanks to its crisp AMOLED display and a big battery, which helped distinguish it from the competition. Samsung has now launched its successor, called the Galaxy M31s. The new Galaxy M31s sports an Infinity-O display and the Single Take camera feature, both firsts for the Galaxy M series. Starting at Rs. 19,499, do these new features justify the higher price? I review the Galaxy M31s to find out.
Samsung Galaxy M31s design: Premium looks
The Samsung Galaxy M31s has a somewhat new design that makes it stand out compared to its siblings in the Galaxy M series. It gets a 6.5-inch Infinity-O display with a hole-punch embedded camera centred at the top. I have seen such a design on the Galaxy Note 10+ (Review), and the Galaxy Lite twins. Recently, the Galaxy A51 (Review) and Galaxy A71 also launched with similar displays, so the same design on the Galaxy M31s makes it look premium. The bezel size is acceptable for the price, but a few people may find the camera hole in the centre a little distracting.
Samsung has gone with a side-mounted fingerprint scanner on the Galaxy M31s, which is on the right along with the volume buttons. These buttons can be reached while holding the smartphone in the hand, but need a bit of a stretch. I would have preferred the volume buttons on the left, which only has the SIM slot. The USB Type-C port, 3.5mm audio jack, and speaker are at the bottom while the top has a secondary microphone.
The phone has a plastic back, which Samsung refers to as ‘Glasstic’. It has a glossy finish and picks up fingerprints very easily. I had to keep wiping the back frequently to maintain its glossy look. Samsung offers the Galaxy M31s in two gradient finish options, Mirage Black and Mirage Blue. I had the Mirage Black version for this review, and I liked the look overall.
The Galaxy M31s has a quad-camera module at the back that looks similar to the one seen on the Galaxy M31 (Review), but with the sensors moved around. The module also houses the single-LED flash. The Galaxy M31s has a 6,000mAh battery, which causes it to tip the scales at 203g. You will feel the bulk when holding this phone for a while. The back is curved at the edges though, which makes it a little less uncomfortable.
Samsung Galaxy M31s specifications: Same old
Samsung is sticking with its Exynos 9611 yet again, to power the Galaxy M31s. We have seen this processor in multiple Galaxy smartphones now including the Galaxy M21 (Review) which is priced under Rs. 15,000. The Exynos 9611 SoC is a proven processor but I was expecting Samsung to use something newer and more powerful. The Exynos 9611 is an octa-core processor with four performance Cortex-A73 cores clocked at 2.3GHz and four efficiency Cortex-A53 cores clocked at 1.7GHz. The smartphone is available in 6GB RAM and 8GB RAM options, but the storage remains unchanged at 128GB. You do have the option to expand storage by up to 512GB using a microSD card.
There is support for Bluetooth 5, dual-band Wi-Fi ac, and GPS as well as dual 4G and VoLTE. Samsung has bundled a 25W USB Type-C charger in the box, which is a first for the Galaxy M series.. You also get a USB Type-C to Type-C cable that can be used to reverse charge other devices using the Galaxy M31s.
In terms of software, the Galaxy M31s runs OneUI 2.1 on top of Android 10. My review unit had the July Android Security patch. The UI is very similar to what I’ve seen on other Galaxy M series smartphones that I’ve reviewed such as the Galaxy M31 and the Galaxy M21. The setup process does prompt you to install a few apps, and even after skipping that I found Candy Crush Saga, Snapchat, Netflix, Facebook, and OneDrive preinstalled on the device.
The Galaxy M31s also has the Galaxy Store app which is an alternative to the Google Play Store. The phone does have Glance Lock Screen Stories, so you will see promotional photos and stories on the lockscreen. You can disable this if required. I did see a few notifications from the My Galaxy app from time to time.
You do get the option to customise the look of the UI using the themes app. The Galaxy M31s also has other useful software features such as dual apps, which let you run two instances of the same app. You get Android’s Digital Wellbeing feature, which helps you monitor your smartphone usage, and a Game Launcher which clubs all the games installed on the device in one place. There is a Game Toolbar as well, which lets you block notifications and full-screen gestures, and offers in-game screen recording.
Samsung Galaxy M31s performance and battery life: Holding back
The Samsung Galaxy M31s has a slightly dated processor but this did not impact day to day performance. I did not encounter lag or stutter while going through the menus and using the default apps. I had the 6GB RAM variant, and it could multitask between different apps easily. However, loading heavy apps took longer than usual.
I found the side-mounted fingerprint scanner to be quick to unlock the device. Face recognition was convenient but not the fastest I’ve used. The display on the Galaxy M31s is crisp, has good viewing angles, and does get bright enough outdoors. The camera hole the center could be distracting especially when watching videos.
After using the Samsung Exynos 9611 in a few other smartphones, I had a fair idea of its performance, and the Galaxy M31s did not surprise me with its benchmark scores. In AnTuTu, it scored 192,550 points, which is lower than competitors such as the Redmi Note 9 Pro Max (Review) and Motorola One Fusion+ (Review), which achieved 277,058 and 273,407 respectively. In Geekbench 5’s single-core and multi-core tests, it scored 346 and 1,252 respectively.
Graphics performance isn’t very strong either, and the device could only hit 42fps and 14fps respectively in GFXBench’s T-Rex and Manhattan 3.1 tests. The Motorola One Fusion+ managed 55fps and 21fps in the same tests.
I played PUBG Mobile on the Galaxy M31s, and the game defaulted to the High preset with graphics set to HD and the frame rate to High. I could play the game at these settings without any stutter. The device did get warm to the touch after playing for 20 minutes.
The Galaxy M31s offers good battery life, and lasted for close to two full days with my usage. In our HD video loop test, the smartphone went on for 24 hours and 2 minutes, which was impressive. Samsung does lower the screen brightness when the battery drops below the 15 percent mark, though.
The supplied 25W charger was quick to recharge the battery, taking it to 34 percent in 30 minutes and to 65 percent in an hour. Charging the phone completely took a little over an hour and a half. Overall the battery performance is excellent, and thanks to reverse charging, you can use the Galaxy M31s’ 6,000mAh capacity to charge other devices in a pinch.
Samsung Galaxy M31s cameras: Mixed bag
The Samsung Galaxy M31s sports a quad-camera setup. The 64-megapixel primary camera has an f/1.8 aperture. There’s also a 12-megapixel ultra-wide-angle camera with a 123-degree field of view, a 5-megapixel macro camera, and a 5-megapixel depth sensor. The camera app is very similar to what I’ve seen on other top-end Samsung devices. It has the Single Take feature which delivers a wide variety of output including photos with pre-applied filters, as well as hyperlapse and boomerang video effects, instead of just shooting a simple video clip. It also has a Pro shooting mode which lets you take full control of the settings.
The Galaxy M31s takes 16-megapixel shots by default by binning the output of its 64-megapixel primary sensor. In daylight, the phone is quick to meter light correctly and the AI can detect scenes quickly. Photos taken in daylight were sharp and had adequate detail. Text in the photos was legible even after magnifying to 100 percent. You do have the option to take shots at the full 64 megapixels but we preferred the convenience of the default 16-megapixel resolution.
The wide-angle camera offers a wider field of view but there is distortion, and photos are warped at the edges. The resolution is high enough that you can crop into these shots, but the level of detail is lower compared to what the primary camera produces. Close-ups had good detail, and the phone can manage a soft bokeh effect for the background which looks nice. The Galaxy M31s has a Live Focus mode for portraits, which lets you set the level of blur before taking a shot. The macro camera does let you get quite close to a subject but it did not manage to capture colours very well.
I did try out the Single Take feature, which gave me multiple outputs for the footage I recorded. This idea behind this feature is to ensure that you don’t miss a moment. After hitting the shutter button, the phone records for about 15 seconds and offers multiple options including the best shot, some filters, a smart crop, hyperlapse, boomerang, and the original video. The photos and the video it delivers were of a lower resolution.
In low light the Galaxy M31s managed decent shots and kept noise in check. The wide-angle camera did not perform that well, though. Shooting photos in Night mode results in some cropping. The output isn’t drastically brighter but it does have slightly better detail.
For selfies, the Galaxy M31s has a 32-megapixel shooter and saves 8-megapixel shots by default and 12-megapixel ones if you want a wider frame. In daylight, the phone managed to capture good detail but you need to keep it steady after hitting the shutter button for a crisp shot. It does give you the option to capture portraits using the Live Focus mode, and managed good edge detection. Low-light selfies did not offer the same kind of detail.
Video recording tops out at 4K with the primary camera as well as the selfie shooter. There is stabilisation for video but we noticed a shimmer effect in the output at 4K, while 1080p footage was better. In low light, I noticed a shimmer in the output at both resolutions.
Samsung’s Galaxy M series is consistently popular, and the company has been launching new models into the market quite rapidly. The Galaxy M31s is the successor to the Galaxy M31 (Review) and gets a fresh look, the new Infinity-O AMOLED display, and faster charging with a higher capacity bundled charger. It retains the same 6,000mAh battery and aging processor though, which could stop buyers from putting their money down.
The camera performance is very similar to what the Galaxy M31 achieved, and the new Single Take feature delivers interesting results but the tradeoff is lower-resolution output.
If battery life is your primary concern, there are very few phones that come close to the Galaxy M31s’ performance. However, you could save yourself some money by going for the Galaxy M31, if you don’t mind the older style dewdrop notch. If you want better value at this price point, the Motorola One Fusion+ (Review) and the Redmi Note 9 Pro Max (Review) are worthy alternatives.
Realme Q Series Phone Allegedly Spotted on TENAA, Key Specifications Tipped
Realme Q series seem to be getting a new smartphone and it allegedly been spotted on TENAA, offering a glimpse of the possible specifications. A Realme smartphone with model number RMX2117 was spotted on the regulator’s website and it is being speculated that the phone could be a part of the company’s Q series that already includes one phone. The TENAA listing shows the phone sporting a 6.5-inch display and powered by an octa-core SoC clocked at 2.4GHz. The listing also hints that the phone may carry up to 8GB of RAM and up to 256GB of onboard storage. Realme hasn’t officially confirmed any of the specifications.
As per the listing on TENAA, the smartphone with model number RMX2117 sports a 6.5-inch full-HD+ (1,080×2,400 pixels) display with a 20:9 aspect ratio. Allegedly belonging to the rumoured Realme Q series, the smartphone supports 5G and is powered by an octa-core SoC clocked at 2.4GHz.
The Realme Q series phone may be launched in China in three RAM options – 4GB, 6GB, and 8GB, that may be coupled with three inbuilt storage configurations – 64GB, 128GB, and 256GB. The listing also shows a microSD card slot for storage expansion. It may be launched in four colour options – Black, Blue, Gray, and Silver.
The phone is seen featuring a rectangular camera module that includes a 48-megapixel primary sensor, an 8-megapixel snapper, and a 2-megapixel shooter. For selfies and video calls, the phone features a 16-megapixel camera at the front. The Realme RMX2117 smartphone packs a 4,900mAh battery. The handset runs on Android 10 and features a side-mounted fingerprint scanner. The smartphone measures 162.2 x 75.1 x 9.1mm and weighs 194 grams.
The development comes a week after Realme vice president Xu Qi Chase teased the arrival of a new series, including the Q series, V series, and X series, with in a poster. Chase noted that the upcoming phone will be powered by a 5nm flagship chipset.
Redmi Note 8 or Realme 5s: Which is the best phone under Rs. 10,000 in India right now? We discussed this on Orbital, our weekly technology podcast, which you can subscribe to via Apple Podcasts or RSS, download the episode, or just hit the play button below.
How to remove the 3D Objects folder from File Explorer in Windows 10
The 3D Objects folder is not useful for many users but removing it from File Explorer in Windows 10 requires a tweak of the Registry File. We show you how.
In addition to the traditional Paint application, which has been a part of Windows since its beginning, Microsoft has also added Paint 3D to its list of standard Windows 10 applications. When combined with a touch display and a stylus or pen, Paint 3D can be a powerful tool for creating three-dimensional objects, a feature many artists and designers find useful.
SEE: 30 Excel tips you need to know (TechRepublic Premium)
However, if you are not inclined to use Paint 3D, you may find the prominence of a 3D Objects folder, and possibly several other folders, on the This PC screen of File Explorer obtrusive and unnecessary. Unfortunately, you cannot remove those folders from File Explorer with a simple change to default settings. That procedure requires an edit of the Windows 10 Registry File.
This how-to tutorial shows you how to remove the 3D Objects folder, and other folders, from the This PC screen of the Windows 10 File Explorer.
How to remove 3D Objects folder from File Explorer
Disclaimer: Editing the Windows Registry file is a serious undertaking. A corrupted Windows Registry file could render your computer inoperable, requiring a reinstallation of the Windows 10 operating system and potential loss of data. Back up the Windows 10 Registry file and create a valid restore point before you proceed.
To get a better idea of what we are talking about, open File Explorer in Windows 10 and then navigate to the This PC screen, as shown in Figure A. Take note of the default listing of folders in the right-hand window.
We are going to concentrate our efforts on the 3D Objects folder, but this technique will work for any of the default folders listed in that section of File Explorer, if you know the code. Further, if you are running the 64-bit version of Windows 10, you will have to perform two edits.
Type “regedit” into the search box on the Windows 10 desktop and select the appropriate result to start the Registry Editor application. As shown in Figure B, navigate to this key (it’s a deep dive):
To complicate matters, the subkeys in the NameSpace section are coded, so you have to carefully choose the key with this code (on my computer, it was in the second position, see Figure C):
Right-click the key and select “Delete” from the context menu and confirm your action.
If you are running the 32-bit version of Windows 10, you have completed the procedure, however, if you are running the 64-bit version, you will have to perform a second edit. As shown in Figure D, navigate to this key:
As before, locate this coded key in the NameSpace folder, as shown in Figure E:
Right-click the key and select “Delete” from the context menu and then confirm your selection to complete the process. Exit out of the Registry File editor. The change should take effect the next time you open File Explorer.
The 3D Objects folder is located in the Users folder and will still be there after implementing this procedure, but it will no longer be displayed so prominently in the This PC section of File Explorer, as shown in Figure F.
To restore the 3D Objects folder to File Explorer, add the coded key back into the two NameSpace Folders using the Registry File Editor.
Twist on CRISPR Gene Editing Treats Adult-Onset Muscular Dystrophy in Mice
Myotonic dystrophy type I is the most common type of adult-onset muscular dystrophy. People with the condition inherit repeated DNA segments that lead to the toxic buildup of repetitive RNA, the messenger that carries a gene’s recipe to the cell’s protein-making machinery. As a result, people born with myotonic dystrophy experience progressive muscle wasting and weakness and a wide variety of other debilitating symptoms.
CRISPR-Cas9 is a technique increasingly used in efforts to correct the genetic (DNA) defects that cause a variety of diseases. A few years ago, University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers redirected the technique to instead modify RNA in a method they call RNA-targeting Cas9 (RCas9).
In a new study published in Nature Biomedical Engineering, the team demonstrates that one dose of RCas9 gene therapy can chew up toxic RNA and almost completely reverse symptoms in a mouse model of myotonic dystrophy.
“Many other severe neuromuscular diseases, such as Huntington’s and ALS, are also caused by similar RNA buildup,” said senior author Gene Yeo, PhD, professor of cellular and molecular medicine at UC San Diego School of Medicine. “There are no cures for these diseases.” Yeo led the study with collaborators at Locanabio, Inc. and the University of Florida.
Normally, CRISPR-Cas9 works by directing an enzyme called Cas9 to cut a specific target gene (DNA), thereby allowing researchers to inactivate or replace the gene. RCas9 works similarly, but Cas9 is guided to an RNA molecule instead of DNA.
In a 2016 study, Yeo’s team demonstrated that RCas9 worked by using it to track RNA in live cells. In a 2017 study in lab models and patient-derived cells, the researchers used RCas9 to eliminate 95 percent of the aberrant RNA linked to myotonic dystrophy type 1 and type 2, one type of ALS and Huntington’s disease.
The current study advances RCas9 therapy further, reversing myotonic dystrophy type 1 in a living organism: a mouse model of the disease.
The approach is a type of gene therapy. The team packaged RCas9 in a non-infectious virus, which is needed to deliver the RNA-chewing enzyme inside cells. They gave the mice a single dose of the therapy or a mock treatment.
RCas9 reduced aberrant RNA repeats by more than 50 percent, varying a bit depending on the tissue, and the treated myotonic dystrophy mice became essentially indistinguishable from healthy mice.
Initially, the team was worried that the RCas9 proteins, which are derived from bacteria, might cause an immune reaction in the mice and be rapidly cleared away. So they tried suppressing the mice’s immune systems briefly during treatment. As a result, they were surprised and pleased to discover that they prevented immune reaction and clearance, leaving the viral vehicle and its RCas9 cargo to persist, and get the job done. What’s more, they did not see signs of muscle damage. In contrast, they saw an increase in the activity of genes involved in new muscle formation.
“This opens up the floodgates to start testing RNA-targeting CRISPR-Cas9 as a potential approach to treat other human genetic diseases — there are at least 20 caused by buildup of repetitive RNAs,” Yeo said.
It remains to be seen if RCas9-based therapies will work in humans, or if they might cause deleterious side effects, such as eliciting an undesired immune reaction. Preclinical studies such as this one will help the team work out potential toxicities and evaluate long-term exposure.
In 2017, Yeo co-founded a company called Locanabio to accelerate the development of RNA-targeting CRISPR-Cas9 through preclinical testing and into clinical trials for the treatment of myotonic dystrophy and potentially other diseases.
Source: UC San Diego
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